Barr Defends Firing Pepperballs at Peaceful Protesters Before Trump Photo Op

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For indispensable reporting on the coronavirus crisis and more, subscribe to Mother Jones’ newsletters.Attorney General Bill Barr today tried to downplay the use of chemical irritants on protesters in Washington, DC, last week by insisting they weren’t, well, chemical irritants. 

“Pepper spray is not a chemical irritant. It’s not chemical” — AG Barr uses painstaking distinctions to defend the use of force against protesters near the White House last Monday
— Aaron Rupar (@atrupar) June 7, 2020

Appearing on CBS’ Face the Nation, Barr was asked whether he thought it was appropriate for Park Police to fire pepperballs, smoke bombs, and other projectiles at peaceful protesters at Lafayette  Square Park before President Donald Trump posed with a bible in a photo-op outside of St. John’s Episcopal Church. Barr denied that the protesters were peaceful, calling that one of the “big lies that the media seems to be perpetuating.” Moderator Margaret Brennan told Barr that three of her colleagues who were at the protest had not seen protesters acting violently.
Barr told Brennan that he approved a plan on Monday afternoon to “increase the perimeter” at Lafayette Park and “push it out one block.” He added that he did not know the president would speak from the Rose Garden that day so his approval of National Park police clearing the park before Trump made his way to the church had, in his eyes, nothing to do with the photo-op. Then, Barr insisted that no chemical irritants were fired in the clash between protesters and park police, whether it was pepper spray or pepperballs.
Apparently, Barr wasn’t familiar with the Department of Justice inspector general’s description of pepper spray and pepperballs as “chemical agents.” Or that pepper spray is made with capsaicin, the same chemical irritant found in chiles; pepperballs contain a synthetic form of capsaicin.

You know who calls pepper spray and pepper balls “chemical agents”?
The Department of Justice.
This is from the DOJ Office of Inspector General.
— Tom Dreisbach (@TomDreisbach) June 7, 2020

Botanist here…
The active ingredient in pepper spray is capsaicin. The same chemical irritant found in chilies.
It’s approx x1000 more concentrated than Tabasco sauce.
I’d ask those denying it is an irritant to try Tabasco eyedrops (0.01% the strength) to prove their point*.
— James Wong (@Botanygeek) June 7, 2020

Barr’s attempts to cloud the issue were the latest attempt by the Trump administration to turn its handling of last Monday’s presidential stunt into a semantic game. As my colleague Daniel Moattar wrote:

You’ll be happy to hear the Trump campaign has contacted us in a snit. They say the Park Police did not use tear gas—they simply used “smoke canisters and pepper balls.”
Here are the facts: Park Police used tear gas to clear out peaceful protesters so that Donald Trump could fumble a Bible in a lame photo op that disgusted everyone, including the actual clergy of St. John’s—and Pat Robertson. The lying press reported what they saw: that the tear-causing gas was, in fact, tear gas.
“Tear gas,” an umbrella term for about a half-dozen so-called “riot-control agents” or “less lethal” chemical weapons, most often refers to CS gas, a powerful irritant devised by two Middlebury College researchers in the 1920s.
But it can also refer to OC, or oleoresin capsicum, an ultra-concentrated form of the compound in hot peppers mixed with carriers that make it stick to your skin and lungs more easily. Both cause tears, and both, in quantity, do a permanent number on lungs and nerves.
The distinction only matters if you’re treating medical damage or covering your ass; the Centers for Disease Control calls every such chemical “tear gas,” including CS, OC, and others. But for police, “pepper balls”—dense projectiles containing OC, which the Park Police insist they used—are very convenient. They can be fired again and again from a gun. They hurt. (In fact, they hurt worse than CS gas.)

And, funny enough, the company that makes pepperballs calls it “the most effective chemical irritant available.” 

“Pepper spray is not a chemical irritant. It’s not chemical.” —Attorney General Bill Barr on @FaceTheNation.
“The most effective chemical irritant available.” —Pepperball’s official website.
— Yoni Appelbaum (@YAppelbaum) June 7, 2020